Who Is Minority Referred To In The Constitution Of India?
Now it is a strange subject that in the Constitution of India, where the word Minority came four times, what is the meaning of that minority, it did not come to mean that what needs to be known is what is called Minority. So, some scale of knowing about the worldliness is a very big scale and the test is that every group which is working in number is less in number, numerical inferiority test is that minority then whichever is less than 50% anywhere but that minority now this numerical test does not fully support us everywhere. It is often the case that the minority is dominating majority. Before the independence in India, the whites were less but they had dominated us Indians.
That is why it is said that this test in itself is less in number, therefore there is minority, it is not a complete test that is why we have to adopt a second test, this second test is famous all over the world and in international law, the name of this test. Is “non-Dominant status”
Your status in that society is less in that country. You do not dominate what is your attitude about life, which is your culture, which is your language, it does not reflect in the government. Regarding the Muslims of India, you see their number is very less in the Parliament today. The Sachar Committee report has proved that the proportion of Muslims in government jobs studying is very small. This means that Muslims are non-Dominant in this country. Status “also needs the test. And the third thing is that when you are defining the minority, that desire in the minority, which is its particular culture, which is its special language, it wants to keep it, it wants the cultural autonomy.
Articles 29 and 30; “You can create an educational institution where your script is safe, your tongue is protected, your script is not enough that a group is numerically inferior. It is not enough that a group is non-Dominant if it does not wish to Which is my special culture language and script, if he does not want to retain that particular identity and assimilate himself with majority then he is not a minority. So it is to be desired that when the word Hindu was defined in Article 25 constitution, then Jain was also included in the definition of Hindu, then Jain wrote him a Protest and within two or four days, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru wrote it to Jain. Ensured that we consider you as a separate minority and today you will see that even after so many years you will see that the Central Government considers jains as a separate minority.
Now you see that the Supreme Court of India has considered only one test in the definition of minority from day one and that test was numerical inferiority test which is less than 50% in minority and it will be given minority status. Somewhere in the Education Bill 1957, “Linguistic Minority and Religious Minority are both coming together in Article 30 and because the princely states in India are created on the basis of language, the minority will be defined at the state level only. Therefore, minorities will not be defined at the national level and it is again the Supreme Court’s 9 Judge Bench, 11 Judge Bench, retreating that numerically in security test is to get minority status in India.
In Allahabad High Court, the case of minority character of Aligarh Muslim University was going on; Chief Justice AN Ray said that we cannot consider Muslims as minorities, that is 15 crores. Said that Muslims are not minorities
On the contrary, you see, the Supreme Court’s ruling, which is less than 50% in a state, is minority, but when the Sikh Minority Institution mattered in Punjab and Haryana, the Punjab and Haryana High Court did not just do an exam for this question later. The second verdict arrived, stating that there is no Sikh minority and later Matter went to the Supreme Court.
Position Of Bharatiya Janata Party
I do not confuse the debates of minority rights with communalism and secularism. I see the rights of the minorities that they are citizens of the country and they should be given rights as a citizen, now the position of Bharatiya Janata Party has always been in it. He believes the rights of minorities to be appeasement of minorities. That’s why BJP has always been a slogan “Justice for all appeasement of none”. In 2018, BJP workers went to the Supreme Court, they said that Hindus should get minority status in a few princely states where Christians are in majority and in Kashmir where Muslims are in majority and minority commissions should be created in those states needed.
Some people in BJP understood that there is no appeasement of the rights of the minorities. Now see that the Constitution of India, the word Minority has come four places in this Constitution, Article 29 has come in its title but not in its text in it. Nowhere does it come under the heading of Article 30 and in its text
Linguistic Minorities In India
Hindus of Hindustan are also a minority in all the states of Hindustan, where some other religion is dominated, where Majority is of any other religion, some states of the North East of Islam religion are Arunachal Pradesh like Mizoram where it is a Religious Minority and all the rest of Hindustan. In states across the country, when a Hindu from one state goes to another state and does not know the language of that state and the state speaking its language is less than 50c/o, linguistic minority becomes Therefore, when a Brahmin from Tamil Nadu comes to UP, he becomes a minority.
When a Malayali goes to Bihar or a Bihari goes to Kerala, then Hindus are also a minority in all the states in this country. When Najma Heptulla became the Minority Welfare Minister, she also said that Muslims are not minorities. There is no danger of ending.
The right is to the Muslim and Christian as a minority, the right is to the Hindu as well, if the development of all together is our slogan, then we have to take everyone along if we want the minority of the country to join the mainstream. They have to give modern education It is the responsibility of the government to give education in this country. Article 21 (A) It is a fundamental right that the state does not have the resources to make it as many educational institutions as minorities make an institution from their own resources and the majority in that institution We teach any minority institution that is not just teaching minority, but in most of the 50% non-minority reservation, then minorities also help majority with their resources. The Constitution of India does not believe in melting pot theory. it believes on the salade Boul Theory, in which the carrot, radish and beetroot in the same plate have different identities and all live together. Our constitution talks of unity in diversity. The constitution wants People have different language culture and scripts intact. I personally believe that minority is not only Muslim and Christian in India, Hindu is also minority. In a definition of the National Minority Commission, some people have been declared nationally minorities. This minority’s debate does not divide the country but connects the country, and when the engineers, doctors and lawyers are formed, minorities come out of madrasas and come to these institutions. It leads to the development of the country.