How Drug Addiction Vanishes Our Future?

How Drug Addiction Vanishes Our Future?

In today’s world we are facing more challenges, like poverty, corruption, begging, underdevelopment, unemployment etc. and all these problems contribute to form a new problem and that is one of the fast growing problems that is, drug addiction. As the time passes through the range of drugs increased to alarming level, drugs like Narcotic: Analgesics, Morphine, Opium, Heroin, Brown Sugar, Pethedine: Stimulants, Cocaine, Amphithemine, Depressants: Alcohol, Barbiturates, Diazepam, Hallucinogens d-lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), Mescaline, Phencyclidine, Psilocybin and Cannabis: Ganja, Charas, Hash Oil etc. are now frequently abused. If the world statistics on the drug scenario is taken into account with a turnover of $500 billion, it is the third largest business in the world next to petroleum and arm trade. Drug addiction refers to the condition of being addicted to a particular drug, particularly narcotic drugs. These are generally illegal drugs that affect the mood and behaviour of a person. Drug addiction is a social evil in India. It is the tragedy of our days that millions of youths, the future citizens of India, fall victims to the habit of taking drugs. These addicted people are on the way to the steady and sure death. It is a social evil that affects an individual as well as nation as a whole. The menace of drug addiction has spread fast among the youth of India. Unfortunately, India is a happy hunting ground for drug peddlers. It is so because it is sandwiched between the so-called golden triangle and the golden crescent. The former area comprises of Thailand, Myanmar and Laos and the latter is covered by countries – Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran.

Drug abuse is a global health and social problem with conditions and problems that vary locally, and a prominent issue of mortality across the globe, thus consuming lives of millions of people. The use of psychoactive substances among adolescents and young adults has become a subject of public concern worldwide partly because of its potential to contribute to unintentional and intentional injury. Drug abuse and addiction has a universal phenomenon that extends across socioeconomic, cultural, religious and ethnic boundaries.  Around 269 million people used drugs worldwide in 2018, which is 30 per cent more than in 2009, while over 35 million people suffer from drug use disorders, according to the latest World Drug Report, released by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). In recent years, the epidemic of Drug abuse in young generation has assumed alarming dimensions in India. Changing cultural values, increasing economic stress and dwindling supportive bonds are leading to initiation into substance use. Cannabis, heroin, and Indian-produced pharmaceutical drugs are the most frequently abused drugs in India. Drug use, misuse or abuse is also primarily due to the nature of the drug abused, the personality of the individual and the addict’s immediate environment. The processes of industrialization, urbanization and migration have led to loosening of the traditional methods of social control rendering an individual vulnerable to the stresses and strains of modern life. According to the National level survey conducted on drug use in India indicated that prevalence of drug abuse among males in the general population is significant. Drug abuse among women also exists. One out of three drug users is a woman but women represent only one out of five people in treatment.  Despite the fact that more men use drugs than women, the impact of drug use tends to be greater on women, because women lack access to care for drug dependence. Economic burden disturbed family environment, violence, and psychological problems are other consequences of drug abuse in the family. Adolescent drug abuse is another major area of concern because more than half of the person’s with substance use disorder are introduced to drugs before the age of 15 years.

In Kashmir valley this worrisome issue has gained attention of the society as a large population of youth in Kashmir valley is lured by drugs. Most adult drug, smokers start drug, smoking regularly some time before 18 years of age. Prolonged nature of the Kashmir conflict and the resultant trauma caused especially to the youth has largely remained unaddressed. Lack of focused post conflict healthcare services and increased proliferation of drugs from across the Line of Control has exacerbated the problems multi-fold. The drug addiction has been on the rise for last few years and as of date over 2.5 lakh youth form part of addicted or affected population in the Valley. With few mental healthcare facilities or de-addiction centres in the Valley, Kashmiris have been left to fend for themselves in case they or their kith and kins get involved in this social and health evil. Youth of Kashmir, faced with the larger issues of lack of education, capability building, unemployment and corrupt practices in the areas related to recruitment for government services, are taking refuge in drugs. The highest number of addicts belongs to the category of youth that was born in 1990s and seen maximum violence. They are either adult youth or young adults, who needed opportunities and means to realise their dreams. “Conflict, high unemployment rate, relationship, peer pressures, family disputes, love breakups and death of loved ones and split families are main reasons behind addiction.

 

EFFORTS TAKEN BY INDIIA TO CURB DRUG MENANCE;

India has braced itself to face the menace of drug trafficking both at the national and international levels.

Several measures involving innovative changes in enforcement, legal and judicial systems have been brought into effect.

  1. The introduction of death penalty for drug-related offences has been a major deterrent.
  2. The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985, were enacted with stringent provisions to curb this menace.
  3. The Govt. of India in 2016 has constituted Narco Coordination Centre for reviewing the Financial Assistance granted to States for Narcotics Control.
  4. Govt. of India revised the Reward guidelines in 2017 with the increased quantum of reward for seizure and interdiction of illicit drugs.
  5. A fund to meet the expenditure requirement required for combating illicit trafficking of drugs and creating awareness in the society called as “National Fund for 6.Control of Drug Abuse” was constituted.

The Indian government has taken a significant step to help alcohol and drug abusers by launching a national toll-free helpline number – 1800-11-0031.

 

SUGGESTIONS;

  1. Considering the enormous challenge of substance use disorders in the country, there is an urgent need of policies and programmes which can bring relief to the large number of affected Indian citizens.

Scientific evidence-based treatment needs to be made available for people with Substance use disorders.

  1. A coordinated, multi-stakeholder response will be necessary to scale-up treatment programmes in the country.
  2. Evidence-based substance use prevention programmes are needed to protect the young people.
  3. A conducive legal and policy environment is needed to help control drug problems.
  4. Harm reduction needs to be embraced widely as a philosophy to deal with substance use.
  5. Prevention of drug abuse and its health and psychosocial impact should be made part of the curriculum from the upper primary level.
  6. Revival of school clubs for early identification of drug users and expert intervention and setting up of suggestion box in schools.
  7. Awareness building and educating people about ill effects of drug abuse.
  8. Community based intervention for motivational counselling, identification, treatment and rehabilitation of drug addicts.
  9. Training of volunteer/service providers and other stakeholders with a view to build up a committed and skilled cadre.
  10. Undertake drug demand reduction efforts to address all forms of drug abuse including dependence related to the consumption of two or more substances at the same time.

 

CONCLUSION;

Drug menace is the manifestation of deep-rooted distortions in the socio-cultural, economic and political system. Being systemic and multi-dimensional, its solution shall have to be systemic and multi-pronged. It is emphasized the need of preventive, punitive and curative measures to tackle the menace. There is an urgent need to understand the complexity of the problem having far-reaching social, economic and political implications. There is a need to address all these factors responsible for drug menace in the region as punitive measures alone cannot uproot this menace can be employed to restrain this concern. The administration has an important role to play, apart from decreasing the vulnerability of the population at risk of drug abuse and management and treatment of patients, the need of an hour is that while dealing with the dealers and users, some stringent punishment.

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