How Government Empowered Women?

How Government Empowered Women?

The need of women empowerment arose because of the gender discrimination and male domination in the Indian society since ancient time. Women are being suppressed by their family members and society for many reasons. They have been targeted for many types of violence and discriminatory practices by the male members in the family and society in India and other countries as well. Wrong and old practices for the women in the society from ancient time have taken the form of well-developed customs and traditions. There is a tradition of worshipping many female goddesses in India including giving honour to the women forms in the society like mother, sister, daughter, wife and other female relatives or friends. But, it does not mean that only respecting or honouring women can fulfil the need of development in the country. It needs the empowerment of the rest half population of the country in every walk of life.to fill up the gap between man and women government launched various flagship schemes for their upliftment. Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India have come up with various schemes, programmes, social welfare schemes, Health and Nutrition, scholarship for women empowerment, Girl Child pregnant women, mothers, ward members, Anganwadi Workers, Women Health Volunteers, the women living in the rural & tribal areas, ex-servicemen, physically handicapped, nursing women, Lactating mother, widows/destitute, Old age women, women self-help group (SHG), Women Entrepreneurs and Adolescent Girls’. Also, it helps to the women and child belonging to Scheduled Caste(SC) and Scheduled Tribe(ST), Other Backward Classes(OBC), Socially and Educationally Backward Classes(SEBC) Minority Category, below poverty line(BPL) and also for General Category This scheme provides assistance for Education, Training, Financial assistance/Cash, Subsidy on the loans, Scholarship, Nutrition, self-employment and other facilities. The prime goal is for empowerment, development, protection and welfare of Women. These schemes are outlined as below:

BETI BACHAO BETI PADHAO:
Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao (Save girl child, educate girl child) is Central Government Sponsored Scheme by Government of India. The prime goal of this scheme is to generate awareness and improving the efficiency of welfare services meant for women. Also, it aims to celebrate the Girl Child & Enable her Education. The Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme has been introduced to address the issue declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR). This scheme is being implemented through a national campaign and focused multi-sectorial action in 100 selected districts low in CSR, covering all States and UTs. This scheme is implemented by the joint initiative of Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and Ministry of Human Resource Development. Prime Minister Modi launched the programme on 22 January 2015 from Panipat, Haryana on the occasion of International Day of the Girl Child, Prime Minister Modi, called for the eradication of female foeticide.

BENEFITS OF THIS SCHEME;
Improvement of the Nutrition status of girls by reducing number of underweight and anaemic girls under 5 years of age. Ensuring girls’ attendance and equal care monitored, using joint ICDS NRHM Mother Child Protection Cards. Increasing the girl’s enrolment in secondary education ∙ this scheme provides girl’s toilet in every school. It aims to promote a protective environment for Girl. Children through implementation of Protection of Children from Sexual Offences. Train Elected Representatives/ Grass root functionaries as Community Champions to mobilize communities to improve CSR & promote Girl’s education. Reduction of Gender differentials and child mortality. To improve the Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB). Evolving a sustained Social Mobilization and Communication Campaign to change societal norms, to create equal value for the girl child. Mobilizing and empowering frontline worker teams as catalysts for social change, in partnership with local community/women’s/youth groups. Developing capacity of Panchayat Raj Institutions/Urban local bodies – especially women panchayat /urban local body members, to create community and peer support for making panchayats / urban wards girl child friendly.

INDRA GANDHI MATRITVA SAHYOG YOJANA (IGMSY):
The Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY) is a maternity benefits scheme implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India. This scheme is for the pregnant and lactating women of 19 years of age or above for first two live births to contribute to a better enabling environment by providing conditional cash transfer for improved health and nutrition and to also promote health and nutrition seeking behaviour in them. It provides partial wage compensation to women for wage-loss during childbirth and childcare and to provide conditions for safe delivery and good nutrition and feeding practices. It provides cash maternity benefit to the women. The pregnant women of 19 years of age and above is entitled to a cash incentive of Rs. 4000 in three instalments for first two live births.

BENEFITS OF THIS SCHEME:
The conditional cash transfer benefits of Rs. 6,000/- to be paid in two instalments of Rs. 3,000 /-. The first transfer (at the end of second birth / pregnancy trimester) of Rs. 3,000 /- to the mother. The second transfer (three months after delivery) of Rs. 3,000 /- to the mother.

SWADHAR GREH SCHEME:
This scheme Swadhar –A Scheme for Women in Difficult Circumstances is meant to provide temporary accommodation, maintenance and rehabilitative services to women and girls rendered homeless due to family discord, crime, violence, mental stress, social ostracism or are being forced into prostitution and are in danger. Swadhar –A Scheme for Women in Difficult Circumstances was initiated by the Department of Women and Child development, Government of India. This scheme provides shelter, food, clothing, counselling, training, clinical and legal aid aims to rehabilitate women in difficult circumstance.

BENEFITS OF THIS SCHEME:
Temporary residential accommodation with the provision of food, clothing, medical facilities etc. are provided to the beneficiaries. Provision of Vocational Training and skill up gradation training for economic rehabilitation of such women to the eligible women. Counselling, awareness generation, and behavioural training are given. Legal aid and Guidance, Medical Facilities are provided ∙ Also Counselling through telephone facility is given.

Rajiv Gandhi National Crèche Scheme for children Health Check-up, Food, nutrition:
With rising employment opportunities for women and the growing need to supplement household income, more and more women are entering the job market. With the breaking up of joint family system and the increasing number of nuclear families, working women need help in terms of quality, substitute care for their young children while they are at work. Crèche and Day Care Services are not only required by working mothers but also women belonging to poor families, who require support and relief for childcare as they struggle to cope with the burden of activities, within and outside the home. Therefore women need a safe place for their children in their absence. It has become necessary to provide support to the young children in terms of quality, substitute care and other services while the mothers are at work. A crèche is a facility which supports/ make able to parents to leave their children while they are at work and where children are provided the stimulating environment for their holistic development. Crèches are developed in such a way that they provide group care to children, usually up to 6 years of age, who need care, guidance and supervision away from their home during the day.

BENEFITS OF THIS SCHEME:
Day-care Facilities including Sleeping Facilities. Early Stimulation for children below 3 years and Preschool Education for 3 to 6 years old children. Supplementary Nutrition (to be locally sourced). Growth Monitoring. Health Check-up and Immunization. Other services provided under this scheme are as Drinking water and Sanitary Facilities, Food and Cooking Facilities, Growth Monitoring, Health Check-up, Medicine & First Aid Kit, Equipment, and Play Material. Women empowerment is empowering the women to take their own decisions for their personal dependent. In addition to these schemes, there are various other small schemes which could prove vital for upliftment and address the grievances of women. The government has also provide reservation to child in every sector. The government must launch more schemes to eradicate the difference between the man and women and give a shape to the slogan “MAN AND WOMEN ARE EQUAL”.

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