Most Common Winter-Borne Diseases: Signs, Symptoms And How To Prevent Ourselves With Them?

Most Common Winter-Borne Diseases: Signs, Symptoms And How To Prevent Ourselves With Them?

Winter is finally here. So is the sudden dip in temperature followed by a season of common winter ailments.
Health experts say you may be more likely to get sick during the winter months, but not because of the rain ,fog or snow. They say cold weather forces people to be in enclosed spaces longer and increases the risk of infection. They add that viruses tend to live longer in colder temperatures and lower humidity.

Common Winter health issues:

The common health issues that people suffer from during winters include the following:

Common Cold

The common cold is a viral infection. It affects both children and adults alike and more likely to subside in 2 to 4 days. However, if it continues for a significant duration, seeking medical help is crucial.

Symptoms

Headache
Burning sensation in eyes
Chest congestion
Sore throat
Runny nose
Low-grade fever

Prevention

Take plenty of rest
Drink plenty of water and other fluids
Have home-cooked food only
Wash your hands properly to prevent spreading
Seek medical intervention, if needed

Flu

The flu or influenza is an infectious health condition that mainly affects the respiratory tract. It is caused by the influenza virus and can be mild to severe in nature. It takes atleast one week to get well.

Symptoms

Nasal congestion
Fever and chills
Sore throat
Runny nose
Cough and cold
Headache
Body pain
Pain in ear
Fatigue
Itchy eye
Redness in eyes

Prevention

Keep your mouth and nose covered while sneezing and coughing
Maintain enough distance from the person suffering from the same
Respiratory hygiene is important.
Wash your hands to avoid the passage of germs to another person
Workout regularly
Eat immunity-boosting food

Bronchiolitis

As the name suggests, it is an infection of the respiratory tract. It is caused by the Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) that mainly affects children. In the beginning, the symptoms may resemble the common cold or flu. However, as the disease progresses, it can get more severe.

Symptoms

Nasal congestion.
Low to high-grade fever.
Cough.
Difficulty in breathing
Wheezing
Dehydration

Prevention

Taking enough rest
Keeping yourself hydrated by drinking lots of fluid
Washing your hands properly to prevent further contamination
Seeking medical advice

Strep Throat

Strep throat is a more critical version of a sore throat that’s caused by a bacterial infection. It is quite common among school-going kids. The best treatment for this winter illness is antibiotics prescribed by a doctor.

Symptoms

Sore throat
Pain in throat
Difficulty swallowing
Fever
Headache
Swollen lymph nodes
Nausea
Vomiting

Prevention

Wash your hands before eating
Drink lots of fluids to keep yourself hydrated
Drink warm to hot fluids
Gargle, the moment you feel soreness in your throat.

Norovirus

Norovirus is also called the winter vomiting bug that infects the stomach. Norovirus is a very infectious virus that can affect people of all ages and strike throughout the year. However, norovirus infection is very common in the winter season.

Symptoms

Nausea
Vomiting
Diarrhoea
Stomach pain
Fever and chills

Prevention

Proper hand and oral hygiene.
Wash your food properly before cooking.
Keep your home neat and clean.
Don’t cook if you are not well.

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