Corona-Virus-19 (Symptoms And Causes)

Corona-Virus-19 (Symptoms And Causes)

Jahangir Maqbool Bhat


Basic Protective Measures Against The Coronavirus-19
Coronaviruses are a group of viruses that can cause illnesses such as the common cold, severe acute respiratory syndrome and Middle East respiratory syndrome. Coronaviruses are transmitted between animals and people. In 2019, Coronavirus was identified as the cause of a disease outbreak in China. Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, and cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.
COVID-19 ranges from very mild to severe. People, who are older and have medical problems such as heart disease, may be at higher risk of serious illness. Coronaviruses are viruses that circulate among animals with some of them also known to infect humans. Bats, camels and civet cates are considered as sources of corona virus. The novel corona virus detected in China and it caused more than 8 000 cases in 33 countries over a period of eight months. The current COVID-19 outbreak caused around 8000 reported cases in China during the first initial reports and about 3 000 has died. Its cases are detecting globally. In India there are eighty four cases having positive Coronavirus as per Health Ministry of India.

There is no availability of vaccine to prevent infection with the new Coronavirus,. As touching of people, surfaces and objects throughout the day, it accumulates germs on hands. It can infect with these germs by touching eyes, nose and mouth. To protect from this virus, wash hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water is not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. Cover mouth and nose with elbow and tissue when coughing or sneezing. Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth if hands aren’t clean. Avoid close contact with anyone who is sick, sharing dishes, glasses, bedding and other household. Stay home from work, school and public areas if feeling not well. Avoid eating raw and undercooked meat and do not contact with live animals and surfaces they may have touched. Avoid visiting live markets in areas that have recently new Coronavirus cases. Maintain at least 1 metre and 3 feet distance between those who have cough, fever and difficulty in breathing, muscle pain and tiredness also
Animals are the original source of the Coronavirus, it is now spreading from person to person and human to human. There is no to the point information at this time to determine how easily and sustainably this virus spreads between people, but it is currently estimated that, on average, one infected person will infect between two and three more. The virus seems to be transmitted mainly via respiratory droplets that people sneeze, cough, and exhale. The virus can also survive for several hours on surfaces such as tables and door handles.
The incubation period for COVID-19 is currently estimated at between two and 14 days. At this stage, we know that the virus can be transmitted when people who are infected show flu-like symptoms such as coughing. There is evidence suggesting that transmission can occur from an infected person with no symptoms; however, uncertainties remain about the effect of transmission by non symptomatic persons on the epidemic.
Generally elderly people and those with underlying health conditions such as hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease and cancer are considered to be more at risk of developing severe symptoms.
Disease in children appears to be relatively rare and mild. A large study from China suggested that just over 2% of cases were less than 18 years of age. Of these, fewer than 3% developed severe or critical disease.
There is limited scientific evidence on the severity of illness in pregnant women after COVID-19 infection. That said, current evidence suggests that severity of illness among pregnant women after COVID-19 infection is similar to that in non-pregnant adult COVID-19 cases, and there is no data that suggests infection with COVID-19 during pregnancy has a negative effect on the foetus and no evidence of transmission of COVID-19 from mother to baby occurring during pregnancy.
It is my sound advice to all to be careful from this disease i.e. coronavirus as it is very dangerous and can make only few days of life. Avoid eating raw and undercooked meat for some time and do not contact with live animals and surfaces they may have touched till it is removed as it is our duty to keep the body in good health.


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