Language and Literature are unequivocally related to each other. Literature enhances language and it is language that comprehends literature. If the purpose of learning language is communication and literature is communication, the opposite sides of a coin are indivisible. The general conviction is that the information of literature readies the establishment for language learning. English language teaching through literature not just enhances the fundamental abilities like tuning in, talking, and composing yet in addition other language areas, like vocabulary, language structure, and articulation. One of the requirements for language learning is that students ought to have an inclination for the dialect which can be accomplished through inventive and basic utilization of abstract writings where they can encounter language being used. For such experience to encourage language learning; the language experience should be contextualized and intelligible and the student should be spurred, positive, locked in. Literature gives a rich experience to language student and gives abundant chances to build up their interpretative influence- a critical advantage for language learning. Literature additionally can acquaint the understudies with assortments of English; it very well may be a wellspring of semantic and open enhancement, and it tends to be an amazing source of motivation and inspiration from which students may build up enthusiasm for viable analysis.

Literature is a popular technique for teaching basic language skills, (reading, writing, listening, and speaking) and language areas, (vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation) in our times. Literature enables students acquire a native-like competence in English, express their thoughts in good English, get familiar with the highlights of modern English, figure out how the English semantic framework is utilized for communication, perceive how informal articulations are utilized, speak plainly, correctly and compactly, and turn out to be progressively capable in English, as well as become creative, and coherent students. Literature is utilized in English language instructing to broaden the students horizons by giving them the knowledge of classical literature; to enhance their general social and cultural awareness; to invigorate students’ inventive and abstract creative ability and to build up their energy about literature; to acquaint students with perfect works of art of British and American literature as an educative affair, and to add to students knowledge of the world at large. Artistic writings give us much stylish, scholarly and passionate joy in that the author regularly looks to express his or her vision of human experience through innovative, emotive utilization of language and this thusly gives much stimulus and inspiration to the understudies to get familiar with the language.

English education in India has to a great extent relied upon the teaching of literature. It is just in the ongoing years that there has been a move of accentuation from teaching literature to language. By and large, while English language showing received an auxiliary methodology, Literature was taught as a different subject. In any case, current methodologies have attempted to rethink the estimation of writing and have started to maintain its value once more. Moreover, literature  and the teaching of  language skills, benefits of different genres of literature (poetry, short fiction, drama and novel) to language teaching and some problems encountered  by language teachers within the  area  of teaching  English through literature; lack of preparation in the area of literature teaching in TESL / TEFL programs, absence of clear-cut objectives defining the role of literature in ESL / EFL, language teachers’ not having the background and training in literature, lack of pedagogically-designed appropriate materials that can be used by language teachers in a classroom context.

Literature gives students a wide scope of individual lexical or syntactic things. Students get comfortable with numerous highlights of the written language, reading a considerable and contextualized assortment of content. They find out about the punctuation and talk elements of sentences, the assortment of conceivable structures, and the distinctive methods for interfacing thoughts, which create and enhance their own composition aptitudes. Understudies additionally turned out to be progressively beneficial and gutsy when they start to see the wealth and assorted variety of the dialect they are attempting to learn and start to make utilization of a portion of that potential themselves. In this way, they enhance their informative and social skill in the true lavishness, instinctive nature of the real messages.

Thus, the role of English language through literature gives a rich etymological contribution, notwithstanding compelling upgrades for students to communicate in different dialects. Along these lines, literature can be a potential wellspring of student inspiration. Literature gives chances to multi-sensorial classroom experiences and can appeal to students with various learning styles.


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